Written in 1958 just a few months after Sputnik launch October 4, 1957


  1. —–The fact that millions of humanity has sound reasons to question the wonderfulness of this dynamic world of variety, action, and change urgently demonstrates the extreme importance of our becoming completely aware of life’s essential components. Understanding and appreciating the miracle of our living and adapting ourselves accordingly is the only sound basis for human happiness. We have to lift our heads up out of the sand of ignorance to squarely face the realities of life. The search for truth, wisdom, and common sense requires diligently thorough and clear thinking. When people are intensely hoping and searching for peace before it is too late, the provocation of our minds must be more vital to our welfare than any other human activity today. Our dynamic world has wonderful possibilities if we will just focus our mental capacity efficiently and effectively upon our problems.
  2. —–In trying to solve our problems, we tend to pick at and criticize the straws of headline events, and the particular laws and institutions that we happen to think are responsible for them, rather than the underlying simple but less obvious causes. A doctor cannot cure a disease by treating its symptoms, but must find and eliminate the causes. We are only putting the cart before the horse by forcefully and artificially changing our laws and institutions, thereby confounding our problems or creating new and greater ones.
  3. —–Dictatorship and its associated evils of wholesale manslaughter in many countries, and the coercive governments illustrate the consequences. The underlying philosophy and attitudes of life come first whenever a change is desired, and that can only be effected by assembling and interrelating applicable proven facts and sharing them over direct person to person conversational intercommunicating systems that are freely accessible to all. No doubt enough applicable knowledge is already recognized and generally accepted so that most people would instantly see the “light” if 2 and 2 were put together and properly interrelated to make 4.
  4. —–Once we realize and eliminate some simple causes, we may discover that other present conditions or events and tenaciously accepted as above suspicion were also affected and were just as much the symptoms of our troubles as the conditions that we were laying all the blame on. In our desperate prayers for peace, we may be inadvertently asking for the greatest change in history of our individual social attitudes and in ways that we have never dreamed of.
  5. —–Intelligent beings should always maintain an alert and open receptivity to truth whenever and wherever its source if they are to be effective and efficient. The truth is no less or no more the truth when conveyed by the greatest liar or the most honest saint, or written in the most corrupt book or the most respectable book. Any concept should stand or fall on its own merits as measured by the everyday experience and awareness of each individual. Too often a concept becomes attached to a personality or reputation, and stands or falls, not according to its own merit or correlation to generally recognizable truth, but according to the personality or reputation of the advocator. The advocator’s identity, place of residence, or livelihood, or the reputation of a writing should never influence the acceptability of a particular concept.
  6. —–Concepts opposing one’s own viewpoint should not be avoided or regarded too lightly. Honest and sincere disagreements, differences, or arguments are a potential source of additional knowledge and always merit careful consideration, comparisons. and analysis.
  7. —–The most constructive reaction the advocator of any concept can get is such strong, well thought out, well worded comments, criticisms, or support that he will have equally strong basis for changing or extending some or all of his conclusions or for making his original stand more clear and vigorous. The power of human thinking can establish the understanding and appreciation of our universe, and our adaptability to it if all individuals have the means and attitudes to freely intercommunicate their thoughts, reasonings, and the experiences behind them.
  8. —–In our age of man made satellites precaution is due before we take widely acceptable ideas too lightly and brand them idealistic, utopian, dreamy, impractical, or too good to be true. How can anything be literally too good to be true unless we’re sadistic, masochistic, or fatalistic? Do we ever consider anything too bad to be true? What does this say of our present attitudes? We must uncover the missing necessary links of understanding that would make these ideals work out in practice.
  9. —–Remember that most of our recent power of action accomplishments, flying, space travel, nuclear power, guided missiles, were impractical dreams, if thought of at all, to most of us up to just a very, very short time ago. It is time the same idealism and utopian dreaming, if that is what it must be called, stimulate the advancement of social understanding and appreciation to a level at least equal to our fantastic power of action development as with Sputnik. Action power must be balanced with a social organization upholding the understanding and appreciation of our universe. Playing around with such great action power as nuclear bombs without the foresight of a survival compatible social organization subjects humanity to the real danger of irresponsible or accidental extermination.
  10. —–So often we may lack necessary understanding and appreciation because we take for granted many of the natural wonders of our everyday environment and thereby miss their significance. How many have really stopped to consider what a rare and precious occurrence or miracle that each individual life represents? Without considering all the factors of heredity and environment involved by chance since the beginning of time leading to each conception and survival, just a few factors that are known within the last few generations would indicate the possibility of a particular individual existing at a particular time as practically zero. Just supposing one of your parents, grandparents, or some other ancestor had failed in any one of the many narrow escapes from death that befall us all before maturity and parentage, you would not be here. Consider how many are not born and present today because by chance their potential ancestor never were born, died, never met, or not at the right time etc..
  11. —–Yet we continue to take ourselves and each other for granted. We take each passing moment and its associations, so fleeting and never to be again, too much for granted. We simply fail to probe and appreciate the depth of the beauty, harmony, and mystery of the natural wonders of our world. Would we only bear in mind at all times that only by understanding our world as much as possible as soon as possible can we get our fullest possible measure of life and happiness from each passing moment, for each moment of opportunity wasted is gone forever.
  12. —–The activity of each of us on earth is limited to same relative briefness, and since we’re all in this world together, logic points to our urgent need to cooperate with one another to make the most of it by understanding and appreciating each other and everything else. Individually our existence is just an insignificant speck in this universe of energy-matter-space-time. This universe will have the same laws of reaction after we’re gone as before we existed. Our wants and happiness will have to cater to these laws through our own understanding, appreciation, and adaptation.
  13. —–Truth is our indisputable master and holds the key to our happiness in this universe. Truth is the actual conditions or relations of our universe or environment. Our mind through its five senses can perceive impressions of the truth within its level of sensitivity, and this range of sensitivity is gradually being extended with mechanical inventions. At any one time our senses are limited in scope and do not perceive the total possible impressions of the characteristics, activities, and relationships of an object or entity of matter, but with the accumulations of written records the opportunity to broaden our perceptions and awareness becomes increasingly available. At any rate, the pattern of our thinking must be limited and correlated to the pattern of actuality through the persistent use of our senses for impressions, or we become mere parrots uttering meaningless noises.
  14. —–The earnest and sincere communication of impressions of actuality is truthfulness. The understanding and appreciation of the miracle of our brief existence and the motivation to adapt ourselves can come only through truthfulness. The existence of any living body depends on its internal intercommunications of truth impressions. The child learns about its world through its nerve communication of truth impressions from its senses of touch, sight, hearing, taste, and smell, and uses its brain to store and organize experience impressions, and its muscles to activate its body. Truthful communications between the parts of its body are necessary before the child can learn to eat, walk, talk, or otherwise adjust to the world.
  15. —–Truthfulness is the price of survival and efficiency of life. The slow and tedious trial and error evolution of living matter follows this principle. Failures are self-eliminating. Succeeders are self-perpetuating. All life instinctively searches for impressions of actuality in order to survive. Only as each life instinctively searches for impressions of environmental relationships can it develop responses that are necessary for its continued existence, including recognition of food, comfort, danger etc. The life with the most awareness has the greatest adaptability. Thus increase in intelligence is a natural built in step of evolution and must be associated with truthfulness for efficient utilization of this adaptability.
  16. —–In the “higher” animals, the power of communicating impressions of truth has exceeded the individual boundary and reached outwards to other individuals through the use of vocal cords and ears. Except in man, this development is somewhat limited. With the advantage of a much greater mental capacity, man has established practically unlimited verbal symbols or wordage for outward communication of truth impressions. Furthermore, he has engaged his hands and eyes in establishing written symbols, which makes stable records possible. This interdependent development has elevated human knowledge over that of other animals-so called dumb animals. This is quite a feat or “feather in the hat” of the human species. Our language is our nervous system’s unique power to develop, organize, extend, and record itself. Without our language, even the most intelligent individual in each generation would have to repeatedly learn any simple fact of life through his own time and strength limited life experience. There could be no progressive accumulation of knowledge from one individual to another, or from one generation to another. These symbolic communications link individuals to individuals and generations to generations for the cooperative growth of human knowledge and wisdom. Now we must come to realize that truthfulness in our interdependent outward communications is also the price of humanity’s survival and efficiency of life.
  17. —–Our languages have problems that we must be continually aware of. Our words are not the actual object, relationship, or activity. They can only represent our impressions of them. A word may not carry the same meaning or reference to different people. Until we eliminate the haphazard enforced isolation of individual intercommunications, the word’s reference to actuality must be carefully compared before any conflict is considered.
  18. —–We must realize that our senses also cannot alone determine accurate measures of any characteristic but can only make crude and immediate comparisons. For accurate measure we require accessory equipment and a system of order to calculate with, such as a measuring stick or unit and a system of counting 1, 2, 2 etc.. A good illustration of this is: Take 3 pails of water, one at 40 degrees F., one 80 degrees, and the other 120 degrees. Place the left hand in the 40 water and right hand in the 120 water for a couple of minutes. Then place the left hand in the 80 water and water feels warm. Place the right hand in the 80 water and the water feels cold. Yet the thermometer will read the same in the 80 water regardless which of the other two pails of water it was placed in first.
  19. —–Another problem of our words is that they must represent impressions of a completely dynamic world or universe. All entities of matter are dynamic and continue to change regardless how constantly we maintain a particular symbol for it. Therefore, in our minds we have to compromise and allow for the discrepancy between our static symbols and the dynamic environment those symbols are intended to represent. We have to avoid the fallacy of stereotyping the meaning of our words. The words “rock” or “dog” cannot represent any entity of matter unless infinitely indexed and dated. The index would have to vary with all the individuals that ever existed of the group that a word represents and the date would have to broken down to the smallest conceivable unit of time.
  20. —–No unit of matter is ever in absolute isolation but changes with its changing relationships. Dog 1 is not the same as Dog 2. Dog 1 1950 is not the same as Dog 1 1951. A common or average dog is an abstract concept. Since we cannot spell out all the differences of our dynamic world without getting hopelessly bogged down in our words, we have to automatically maintain our awareness of our dynamic world and avoid stereotyping the meaning of our words. The development of the modern adult with his intercommunications and accumulations of knowledge has outgrown the handicaps of children and primitive people who understandably may not perceive minute differences or changes of matter.
  21. —–As simple as it may seem, the bottom of most of our social, political, and economical problems today may possibly lie in the confusion from our use of the word “individualism” either to mean individual uniqueness or differentiation, or to mean individual independence or self-sufficiency, or to mean both. One gets the thoughtlessly overwhelming impression that the two meanings must go hand in hand, and if one is desirable the other must be likewise.
  22. —–Nothing could be farther from the truth. Primitive independence is not favorable, let alone mandatory, for the individual’s freedom to fully develop uniqueness or differentiation. Actually, pressure for conformity starts from the too close association of independent competitive individuals. Closer association of individuals is an unavoidable trend as populations grow. With the independents belief in self-sufficiency, he forces himself into uniformity and naturally expects the same of others. After all, one independent has to do for himself as another has to do for himself. When their efforts, limited to all of us by time and strength, are thinly diffused as “jack of all trades-master of none” just to provide basic necessities of life, which are further complicated by technical developments and competition with one another, effective and efficient individual development of natural differentiating traits is a lost cause.
  23. —–On the other hand, we can take a living body as an example of cellular development of interdependence, be the body a man or a mouse. The millions of cells of the body have specialized and organized their functions through cooperative interdependence. At some stage in cellular evolution, the nervous system originated and gradually developed, much the same as we have developed our language communication between individuals.
  24. —In the body, more efficient communication enabled each cell to realize its dependence on and responsibility for the other cells, and to more effectively organize for the welfare of each cell and the body as a whole. As one cell specialized to more efficiently perform one function, other cells could specialize to more efficiently perform other necessary functions. Hence, dependable interdependence promotes differentiation and uniqueness. The fullest development of natural individual differences is at a premium in an association of responsible and cooperative cells.
  25. —–Varied humanity favors the efficient adaptation of our species to the varied and changing conditions of our environment. Variation within a species is the best protective device in assuring the survival of a species. In our accumulation of knowledge, many different types of individuals, both mentally and physically, are required for the specialized observation of the greatest detail of the total of spontaneous or possible experimental or man made occurrences throughout future space and time, as well as determine through research what has happened in the past.
  26. —–Variation in humanity is prerequisite to assimilating#the aggregation of experiences and to formulating truthful concepts from them. Variations are also needed to fulfill the necessary functions of our social and economic organization, which, as our knowledge and population increases, is replacing natural spontaneous functions of our environment with human manipulated and sustained activities.
  27. —–The recognition of our over all interdependence is vitally important to our welfare. Some degree of interdependence has been inherent in our makeup ever since before the development of our species. To begin with, our sexual reproduction and our mammalian care of our young, unusually prolonged in our species, makes interdependence mandatory at least to the extent of 2 members of our species for at least a period of time. It should be clear that reliable interdependence favors individual uniqueness which in turn favors the efficient survival of our species. Now it is up to us to establish reliable interdependence among human individuals so that we can use our bodies’ developed mind potential to advance peace and goodwill beyond any current conception.
  28. —–Our unique development of language has given us the opportunity to accumulate knowledge from individual to individual and from generation to generation. An individual or living group starting from scratch could not gain in his or their lifetime experience, because of time and strength limitations, anywhere near the amount of knowledge held by even our most primitive of people. They would have no chance to encompass ultimate universal understanding or wisdom. But a vast network of intercommunicating minds distributed throughout time and space might eventually assemble enough information.
  29. —–Our interdependence is also indicated in the fact that each individual is entirely the product of heredity and the environment, neither of which can be controlled by him in any way. Many will say, “Oh, yes he can! He can if he just wants to”. Well, what makes one want to and another not want to? Regardless of your immediate answer, you can always trace the causes back to either heredity or environment or the interaction of both.
  30. —–With heredity fixed at conception, the subsequent development of the individual is flexible only through his environment. As our population increases, we become a larger and larger part of each other’s environment. The development of the individual is therefore increasingly subject to his interaction with the rest of us. Undoubtedly, we are all our brothers’ keeper. Naturally the more of us there are the better job we can do for each other because of the natural variation of our heredity and environment. That is why it is very destructive to our society to pressure for conformity and to restrict the freedom of our intercommunications between any individual by making it a private cost instead of a public cost.
  31. —–Curiously, we have more obvious control over others than we have over ourselves. Even the heredity available to the next generation of new individuals can be interdependently limited by the generations immediately before them.
  32. —–With the independent’s false belief in his self-sufficiency and responsibility he closes his mind and is heedless to our very dynamic world with everyone and everything forever changing as they affect one another. With closed minds we stereotype ourselves and everything else, and quickly come into conflict with actuality. This stereotyping of oneself or others gives dictators their excuse for wholesale manslaughter and capitalists their excuse for competitive isolation of individuals and their fate.
  33. —–The undeniable evidence of our utter helplessness as isolated independent individuals should encourage our desire#for dependable interdependence. It is our only chance to achieve the fullest development of our naturally differentiating traits. Dependable interdependence removes the individual as far as possible from the haphazard forces of chance, and gives humanity its greatest control over its own destiny. Interdependence within the whole of humanity acts with the binding effect of insurance and each individual has the security and stability that their variation and wide distribution gives humanity as a whole.
  34. —–As our knowledge increases, more and better tools and methods for determining facts become available, which again in turn accelerates the accumulation of knowledge. This compounded interaction continues at an ever-accelerating tempo. The power of human action has paralleled this accelerating increase in knowledge, by our understanding and appreciation of life and its social aspects lags startling far behind.
  35. —–Our independent ideology demands our personal shell of privacy, so that we subjectively maintain a “Hands Off” policy concerning the study of ourselves. We must learn to look at ourselves objectively, for our philosophy or attitudes of life and the rules and institutions derived therefrom must conform to natural laws of this universe or our civilization is doomed.
  36. —–As we become a larger and larger part of each other’s environment, our effect on each other becomes greater and greater. It is practically impossible for one individual’s happiness to survive any length of time at the expense of other individuals’ happiness. The isolated independent does not have the communication to realize this situation. Such haphazard communication blocks our full understanding and appreciation of, and our adaptation to our universe.
  37. —–Through intercommunication, individuals of the human races must pool the resources of their past, present, and future experiences to determine the facts of our universe and formulate a common basis for each other’s opportunity to happiness. These basic concepts will have to get universal#distribution and acceptance before any particular individual will have a sound opportunity for happiness through his own#understanding, appreciation, and adaptability.
  38. —–Isolation of the individual promotes shortsighted and independent selfishness, a typical and limited selfishness. Competitive attitudes destroy our cooperative spirit. As independents specialize to utilize our accumulated knowledge, they lose sight of the whole, thus losing their perspective and their sense of vital values. Profit for profit’s sake and tools for tool’s sake become the goal even though thoughtless and meaningless. Independents are collectively victims of their own concepts and tools subject to their own mechanical inventions. Through ignorant competition, we enslave ourselves when with just our present pool of knowledge we could through cooperation emancipate ourselves-each and every one of us.
  39. —–The philosophy of competition or currently considered good business boils down to each individual “getting as much as he can for as little as he can give. We consider the right to accumulate wealth under competitive conditions as a necessity to individual initiative. This infers to the independent or group of independents the right to monopolize the accumulations of nature to the best of his ability or luck to grab.
  40. —–This amounts to parasitic opportunism. But where we#have become the predominate part of nature or each other’s environment, this parasitic opportunism would be more accurately called cannibalism-the ultra refined or not so refined preying upon the members of one’s own species. We are independently blind to the fact that the parasite limits his own possibilities and welfare to the same degree that he deteriorates the welfare of his host. Cancerous cells kill the body on which it depends and thus eventually destroy themselves. The more one contributes to the host, the more the host can contribute to one. Some nitrogen-fixing bacteria associate with some legume plants in exchange for a source of carbohydrates to their mutual benefit.
  41. —–We can to our advantage change our interrelationship from parasitic opportunism or cannibalism to mutualism or what you might call mutual beneficialism. When we come to realize that no individual or group of individuals can attain his or their ultimate welfare at the expense of anyone else, no more than a brain or one of its cells, no matter how self important, can reach its ultimate welfare at the expense of any other organ or cell of the body, the Golden Rule will come to life.
  42. —–The human species has come to a point in its development where truthfulness in individual outward communication is just as essential to our survival and efficiency of living as internal truthfulness has always been to individual survival. Deceitfulness destroys the#energy and mental capacity of humanity, producing resignation, apathy, cynicism, and aggressive and revengeful parasitism. The haphazard mixing of a little truth here and there, half truths, and personalities is a treacherously, bewilderingly, complicated mess and too dangerous in our age of atomic bombs. Such chaos jeopardizes human existence and happiness.
  43. —–Modern deceitfulness is an amplified carryover from prehistoric man when all creatures were relatively independent and noncommunicative, and delicately balanced competitively in their weakness. Their limited strength insured that their effect upon their environment or each other would be of little consequence. Perhaps we are not fully aware of its deleterious effects upon our present interdependent existence because we have grown up with it. The existence and predominance of trickiness, pretences, deceitfulness, and other related refinements in our society represents an amazing contradiction to or misdirection of our supposedly present level of intelligence and knowledge.
  44. —–Our primitive belief in individual independence and competition maintains our interaction of parasitic opportunism and deceitfulness. Mankind is almost totally infected with this manifold disease. It is man’s worst disease, a mental disease, that is extremely contagious and pernicious, and yet the most unnecessary. In the first place, the isolated independent is not fully aware of all his effects on others and his environment, and the affected are equally helpless in realizing the cause of their problems. We become resigned and blame it on human nature. We end up practicing deceitfulness and parasitic opportunism in defense against parasitic opportunism of others. This interaction restricts mankind to his lowest level of#survival.
  45. —–Truthfulness of one opens himself up to the competitive parasitic opportunism of others. We are such chronic sufferers of this disease that we are practically unaware of its handicaps. We act as if it were a natural and necessary function in life. We have actually come to the contradictory stage where we look askance or reproachful at an individual exhibiting above average sincerity and honesty. You would think one with these qualities must be awfully naive, a simpleton, or just not all there. How does this speak for the intelligence or wisdom of humanity? As independents, we are hopelessly bogged down in a vicious rut.
  46. —–Man has become the predominant part of his own environment. As we crowd together in our population growth the prevailing deceitfulness in our associations snowballs to disastrous levels. It spreads like wildfire, and eventually returns in the communications to the originator, more than canceling out any initial advantage. The infection of deceitfulness interrupts the chain of our ever-increasing knowledge. The continuity and effectiveness of#our vital symbolic communications are destroyed.
  47. —–Individuals have to learn over and over what others have already learned. Such a large portion of our efforts is wasted in checking and sorting out the truths from the untruths. Only a small portion of our energy can go for original search of facts that are urgently needed to tune our lives in on the actual conditions of this world for maximum happiness. Humankind cannot survive the confusions of overwhelming deceitfulness.
  48. —–In our daily independent struggle to meet competition to survive or get ahead, we have taken the temporarily easier way out and let this business of deceitfulness get the upper hand. The “smart operator” who uses a mixture of truths and deceits to suit his own independently selfish purposes mostly for his individual or group accumulation of wealth seems to command the respect of a too large portion of humanity. Individuals and groups, business or otherwise, attempt to grab the most knowledge and material, and share or transfer the least, even to mislead with deceit to gain economic advantage over another. Our ideal in practice is to get the most for the least.
  49. —–Profit becomes the master and more important than the welfare of humanity, which we should realize that we are all a part of. It is the ignorance of isolated independents. Each and every individual is such an inextricable part of the universe, no one can escape the inevitable effects of his actions on humanity and the universe. The welfare of humanity is the welfare of the individual. Any seeming gain to an individual or group from deceitfulness is only temporary and always at the expense of past and future development. Deceitfulness is always a step backwards from wherever you are.
  50. —–The individual desire for the accumulation of wealth is a primitive carryover from prehistoric man who had so little power over his environment and so little communication and interdependence with each other. “Feathering of his nest” was an independent and comparatively helpless individual’s bulwark against an overwhelming environment, overwhelming because he so little understood its functioning. His fortune was in the hands of factors that he little understood and thus could not control. The boundless implications of our present power lead the accumulation of material resources or wealth up a blind alley.
  51. It is man’s innate inquisitive creativeness, his desire to fully develop his unique capabilities, and his search for knowledge and understanding that drives individual initiative and not the competitive over satisfaction of physical or bodily needs or desires. It is this thwarted creativeness that leads so many to the blind accumulation of individual wealth only to find that it has neither meaning nor satisfaction. He is the victim of our belief in individual independence, and the resultant diseased associations and communications. Deceitfulness forcefully isolates or confuses his efforts to wisdom by limiting his resources to his own small living experience or to the confusion of a diseased communication. He is today’s ideal of success and if he were honest with himself he could tell you only too well what a dead and lonely end it truly is as far as personal happiness is concerned.
  52. —–Deceitfulness and parasitic opportunism are retrogressive, their final interacting boomeranging effects far outweighing any initial or hoped for advantages. The manager of a stockholder corporation is not serving his stockholders even if they think so, when any increase in profits are such that the increase in dividend is more than offset by what he has taken away from his product and which invariably eventually wastefully increases the cost of living of his stockholders. Neither does an individual serve his own best interests if his profits and products prove to be a disservice or burden to mankind and thereby must inevitably increase his own cost of living much beyond his original gain.
  53. —–Business for business’s sake, activity for activity’ sake, tools for tools’ sake, and profit for profit’s sake are all meaningless concepts to humanity’s survival. Unless we consider at all times our long term welfare which is the welfare of humanity as a whole, we become victims of our own ignorance.
  54. —–Few people today would care to go back and exist 10, 50, 100, 1000, or etc years ago. Yet, it may have been possible for individuals of those days to have lived the life of today or the future if individual independence, parasitic opportunism, and deceitfulness had not held up human progress before and during that period. By the same token, individuals of today might be living the life of 50, 100, 1000, etc. years in the future, depending on when irresponsible independence is dropped and replaced by dependable interdependence, and the number and variations of humanity or living contributors the earth or universe can develop and support at one time.
  55. —–Each passing day of less than maximum output enforced upon any individual delays the status of our progress. Every individual should have maximum opportunity to develop his natural abilities to maximum effectiveness for his maximum contribution to our daily society.
  56. —–Consider the growing child and picture the effects on his fresh searching mind as it daily experiences deceitfulness, pretence, subterfuge, intrigue, trickiness, the injustice of parasitic opportunism, and the amiable, enjoyable, jestingly, cynical, apathetical acceptances of these in our daily way of life. Mix this with a little bit of truth here and there, half-truths, and personalities, and what can you expect? What would happen to juvenile delinquency if truth were ever evident on every hand and side? Whose enthusiasm or inspiration hasn’t been chilled at one time or another? All of us really know the price of deceitfulness or an inkling of it, if we would but just think about it. One eventually becomes cynical, resigned, lethargic, hopeless, or futile in outlook or just plain blind.
  57. —–You can be witness to most criminals and mentally hospitalized. Can you truly believe a little lie, even a white one, here and there, is harmless? Like any other disease, some individuals may withstand small degrees of infection with little or no visible symptoms but sooner or later more susceptible individuals will catch the infection. Then the disease selectively strengthens to more infective forms until finally even the hardiest will succumb.
  58. —–To eliminate a communicable disease, the easiest way may be to develop a vaccine or antidote against it. Understanding fully the need for dependable interdependence and realizing fully how only truth can improve our human condition may provide the vital antidote.
  59. —–Humanity is at the brink of disaster today because truth has unraveled so disproportionately faster in fields that extend our power of action, now almost unlimited, than in fields that develop the understanding and appreciation of others, our universe, and ourselves. Tradition, which haphazardly preserved the propagation of humanity through their period of primitive lack of knowledge and action power, may today be our undoing.
  60. —–Tradition is hindering the search of truth in our social functions. A chick is not so foolish as to stick loyally by its shell after hatching. We have a bigger world to explore and understand too. We need to feel just as much if not more loyalty and reverence for the future as for the past. The past represents our progress from total ignorance to more and more knowledge but far less knowledge than the future holds.
  61. —–The incompatibility of our traditions to our individual living experiences builds internal and external tensions, confusion, and conflict. Traditions are the preconceived ideas of life handed down to us from our ancestral background, by our parents and community. Our adjustment to life would be naturally built in by tradition if our ancestors and their communities demonstrated thoughtfull free access to all available information.
  62. —–But even with an unusually large brain capacity, man had to start from scratch. Known facts would be scarce, and simple imagination plentiful. Erroneous concepts were bound to be widespread. What our early ancestors thought or did could hardly affect them because they had little power to modify their environment. Thus the survival of tradition does not necessarily prove its validity. Traditions have#not been thoroughly tested by time as so many would like to think, even though it may make a good starting point.
  63. —–Needless to say, an erroneous conception today could and is having disastrous consequences. It is extremely distressing to observe civilizations’ blind allegiance to their traditions and the fighting of wars over them. Oh if we would only fully understand the implications of the six blind men and the elephant. Then we would eagerly learn from each other instead of self righteously fighting each#other.
  64. —–We need to realize that traditions are handed down to each individual of each generation in childhood before enough first hand experience is available for using adequate judgment. By the time we become old enough to have reasonable discrimination, our traditions have become an imperceptible part of us. Whenever a belief which is engrained from our tradition, known or unknown in our awareness, is questioned our whole integrity feels assaulted, and we are willing to sacrifice ourselves for that one part we are least responsible for and most likely subject to error. This is our slavery to tradition.
  65. —–Our deep founded affection for our parents whom we know originated our existence by conceiving and rearing us is carried over to the traditions that they handed down to us. Our parents were the predominate environment of our growing up period. We feel we must loyally protect our parental concepts from opposing outside ideas. Furthermore, our interpretation of impressions of reality perceived by our own five senses is colored by these same traditions. Obviously, discarding our beliefs derived of tradition can really upset the apple cart. Such an upheaval requires well-substantiated recognition of the truth and the understanding of the dangers of traditions. Powerful mankind must be the discoverer and disseminator of truth if only for his own well being and not the blind chick clinging loyally to his egg shell of tradition.
  66. —–The original development of intelligent life naturally began with the organisms sensing the minute-to-minute conditions of their environment and making the necessary adjustments within the range of their inherited capabilities. Natural selection through the survival of the fittest eventually established many types of life so that any particular environment would be utilized if at all possible.
  67. —–Eventually intelligence must have developed to a point where the environment no longer was taken for granted. Forms of life must have originated with the ability to change the environment to suit their limitations and needs. Most birds do not look for a nest that has already been formed by chance but deliberately take fortune into their own bills and make a nest to suit themselves. Until the advent of man and his snowballing accumulation of knowledge, these changes little affected the environment.
  68. —–The production of a change in the environment and the ability to intentionally maintain such changes are an obvious sign of higher intelligence. In a species with the reasoning powers of man but with little accumulation of experience, an individual that accomplished a change and could maintain it at will would be highly admired and respected. Self consciously, he and followers would form a clique noted for their intelligence, and that change would be their trademark. With the change a trademark of superior intelligence, questioning the value of the change might never occur. At a low level of knowledge, the long range ramifications of a change would be beyond comprehension. If the change happened to be self destructive, then the followers disappeared with it.
  69. —–Making changes or turning things inside out or upside down does serve an important function. Such experiments give man the opportunity to study the function of matter in changed relationships and adds to our accumulation of knowledge.
  70. —–On the other hand, we have to beware that we do not upset the balance of nature to which as survivors of selective evolution we are vitally adapted. Many of our health problems may be due to such disturbance. Once we have learned the basic laws of the universe, we may see that some of our changes from the ways of nature are superficial if not outright detrimental. After all nature has felt her way along cautiously for millions of years and though trial and error established whatever she happened to find that would work together. Eventually, our knowledge may be used to speed up the progress but not necessarily to change the direction of progress.
  71. ——In the manipulation of our soils and food we may in many ways be treading on very shaky grounds, especially considering how crudely our experiments are set up and the way we jump at conclusions from superficial results. By upsetting our soils and our food, we shake the very foundation of our existence. Until we know in intricate detail what we are doing, nature is our very best guide.
  72. —–Too many of us look upon the soil as simply pulverized rock. Soil does not exist until some form of life has had its remains distributed within and over the pulverized rock. This organic debris provides energy for the many activities that must take place within a soil. The first form of life subsisting on land would have to have the power of photosynthesis, and an organization to produce adequate organic compounds to live from whatever mineral that happened to be in solution or that it could bring into solution from the pure rock material. As these first forms#died, the nutrients of the debris must have laid the stage#for the evolution or entrance of life that could utilize it. As the debris decayed from such utilization, other successions of life must have entered to utilize the effects upon the rock etc.
  73. —–Each succession of life would be dependent upon some additional reorganization of the material that the previous succession accomplished. The dependence on all the previous successions of lives must have given the new life an opportunity to accomplish one or more additional functions. Through the interaction of selective survival, an intricate balance would be set up within the soil, its plant cover, and the animal life roving over it, and all cooperatively depending on each other.
  74. —–The interrelations between the higher plants and animals are readily visible to us, but the microscopic life is too little understood and much more difficult to learn about. Out of sight out of mind. For this reason, we are apt to give them too little consideration. As one of the last species to evolve, we could be and most likely are much more dependent on particular previous established orders and balance than we realize.
  75. —–We have been ruthless, careless, and wasteful in the manipulation of our soils and foods and may be paying the penalty in new diseases and lowered level of health. Our agricultural experiments are set up to determine the recommendable practices for the maximum production of pounds of this and that food per acre, but we do not as yet have or use the means to determine if this is the maximum pounds of health. Until we have or use the means to gain more intricate and worthwhile information, we had better follow closely the ways of nature.
  76. —–In undisturbed nature, you will find a continuous return of humus to the soil which provides the energy for the millions of bacterial, chemical, physical, and other activities that must go on in the soil to make available the many nutrients required by our higher plants and animals, including us. However, our agriculture hardly takes humus into consideration but depends on heavy doses of chemicals applied to the soil. These chemicals have been artificially treated to make available 3 or 4 of the many elements essential to the healthful life of higher plants, which in turn provide the essential nutrients of higher animals and us.
  77. —–How can it be wise to shut down the activities in the soil, which normally release all the required nutrients from the rock, and then substitute with a fertilizer that is purified to only provide part of the nutrients required. No wonder our soils have lost their native productivity. How much of the low level of resistance and the rapid spread of disease of plant and animals is due to malnutrition directly or indirectly? After all, we do not know one nth of the intricate processes required within a plant or animal and go around making changes in the environment as if we know it all. When the top soil is removed from a piece of ground, life starts coming back into it from a much lower level of evolution, and proceeds through the succession of living forms until the highest balance is again attained. Without the topsoil and its humus, higher life apparently cannot exist in health if at all.
  78. —–We have unnecessarily replaced the infinite variety of plants and animals with just a few that we have incidentally favored for their chance development at the time of their discovery as a convenient form of food and ease of culture. We have even limited the variation within#those few species that we have chosen. Instead of just culling out members of a species that exhibited undesirable traits in the light of our interests, we have instituted varieties selected for 100% uniformity or as much as nature would allow it. At the same time you get uniform disease resistance or lack of it distributed in one continuous line of infective exposure. This gives any disease a straight line of opportunity to evolve strains adapted to the resistant varieties and a perfect avenue to spread thereafter.
  79. —–It is possible and even easier to breed a strain of a species homozygous for just the traits required for desirable types of production and leave genes of the other traits in an extremely varying condition. This would give the strain or species its maximum adaptability and resistance to diseases at the same time as it symbiotically produces usefully for us. A wheat field should contain highly variegated plants bred to produce a uniformly desirable grains only to the extent of eliminating undesirable grains, with perhaps a uniform maturity time and height for ease of harvesting etc. Cows could be bred for uniform quality and quantity of milk and not for uniform color or appearance of their bodies etc.
  80. —–In our experience that uniformity is desirable in some ways, we have stereotyped uniformity into a clique that believes uniformity in all way is desirable and intelligent. This is contrary to our dynamic world and pushing the idea too far may be our undoing. For example, we have hundreds and hundreds of continuous acres of McIntosh apple trees, which is a perfect evolution ground for a strain of disease to adapt to such widespread uniformity.
  81. —–Variety is the spice of life. In our fad for uniformity, we are dulling our own interest in things. When I buy a sack of apples, I would much rather get a variety of toothsome apples, each apple tasting good but a little different from the others. There are hundreds of species of wild edible plants that we have not given the attention they deserve to bring into cultivation. Consumption of a wide variety of plant and animal life growing from a wide variety of highly organic soil would insure maximum healthful nutrition.
  82. —–After our food is grown properly, the freshness of food is a problem. Most animal life, especially in a high state of activity, consumes their food on the spot. No doubt this was also man’s natural practice long after the origination of his species. The evolution of his physical adaptation was naturally based on this practice. Food begins to deteriorate after harvest and loses many of the vitamins and other nutrient compounds that the maximum health of man depends on. No doubt, if man would return to a practice of eating his food right in the gardens and fields, his general tone of health would improve.
  83. The ability to harvest, process, and store food has established a clique with the change a trademark of intelligent differentiation. We have processed our foods to satisfy superficial culture based emotions rather than our nutritional needs. We have a long established fad to process our food to a white and fluffy condition to conform to our artificial ideas of purity and airy angels.
  84. Some time in our recent past someone discovered the use of fire which is an advantageous change in providing warmth in cold situations. But then someone also learned the flavor change of cooked food. This required quite an art to avoid spoiling the food by burning it. Another clique took this opportunity to develop the art of cooking with its distinct flavor for their trademark of superior intelligence.
  85. Now we have grown up with the idea that man could not survive or be in good health without cooking his food. If this were true, man could not have survived to the time he started cooking. In fact the heredity of his physical constitution must have developed when no cooked food was available so that he must be best adapted to raw food. Our knowledge of nutrition has begun to point out the damage that heat of cooking does to the vitamins and other nutritional compounds necessary for our health.
  86. We are now adding to the burden of our natural soils, foods, and health, the wholesale spreading of chemical pesticides. There is no effective protection against the chance concentration into one’s diet. These artificial poisons have not been tested through the long stages of evolution and the turn over of our generations are not rapid enough to evolve strains of humanity with resistance to them.
  87. We do not realize the effect they have upon the balance of nature to which we are so well adapted. We do not have the means to trace their intricate effects upon our health and us on a long-term basis. All life is so related in function that a poison is dangerous. Spreading pesticides around is the same as if cows, sheep, pigs, poultry, etc. that we depend upon and tigers, wolves, rats, poison snakes, etc. that endanger us or our subsistence were all invisible to us and we put out undiscriminating poison to get rid of the pests, as well as us and our animal friends. Indiscriminate poisoning is a boomerang practice because of the close relationship of all life. We can better get out our microscopes to find or breed up a strain of animal, such as invisible dogs, friendly and protective of us and hostile to our invisible enemies.
  88. To break the evil cycle of individual independence, parasitic opportunism, and deceitfulness, it may be possible if enough individuals would see the utter uselessness and detriment of this disease, to form an interacting core to eliminate false communications among themselves. With the core reinforcing and protecting each other through thorough and extensive truthful communication, others can be picked up into their orbit as others desire and can demonstrate their belief in honest and truthful communications. No doubt an instinct for detecting deceitfulness will develop once we are free of its overall contaminating influence.
  89. With knowledge and understanding follows the further desire for harmonious relations with fellow humanity and the universe. This is s further spur to individual initiative. With freedom of experience and search for knowledge in man’s youth, man’s innate inquisitive creativeness and desire for understanding will lead him to sexual maturity ready and willing to settle down to fill any vacuum in the functioning of our social organization to promote harmonious relationships, according to his individually inherited capacities.
  90. With the complete freedom of intercommunications, these capacities will emerge and develop their associated skills early in life. A sexually mature person will have the mental depth or awareness greater than today’s wisest old people but the energy and spirit of a live wire tingling for many years of expression. Waste, hate, and fear will be historical words, reminiscent of our primitive eras. Our love and understanding will bring the much prayed for harmony and goodwill on earth.