Archives for posts with tag: Economy

From Dean E. Malone,

With these amendments, our crooks will flee, and our police and military will be freed to exercise their duty against their superiors when necessary without fear of reprisal. Freedom’s fresh air shall return to America.

Here are my proposed Constitutional amendments to address these issues. Food for thought:

Proposed Additional Amendments

(Max M. Lund [mml]  I admire Dean Malone’s initiative in offering these proposed amendments.  I have tried to offer my comments or changes in red but I can’t seem to get it to copy and paste after editing so I will try to put in parathesis. 

AMENDMENT XXVIII (Revised 3-18-12)


Section 1.

All laws must be in agreement with the principle to do unto others that which we would have done unto us and to not do unto others that which we would not have done unto us. All of this Constitution and all statutory laws, rulings and judgments that flow from it must be consistent with and abide by this cornerstone law of unconditional love.

Section 2.

The rights of man are expressly defined as their right to life, liberty, pursuit of happiness and security of private property. These rights are to be preserved above the rights of any group of two or more persons, provided that the Constitutional rights of that group have not been violated, in order that no democratic edict may usurp the rights of any individual. If the rights of each individual are not upheld, then none of us can be secure.

Private property is anything that has been purchased by an individual for lawful money and not explicitly excluded from our Constitution as ineligible for private ownership.

(Private property is anything that has been earned by somebody and legally possessed by the individual and not explicitly excluded by our Constitution as ineligible for private ownership.)mml




(I suppose our culture or society is too infantile or immature to abandon the need for control or master over them through government.  That way we can avoid taking personal responsibility for our lives and play the blame game.  I would like to see the concept of “serverment” take the place of the word “government” That would recognize the full intent of a service organization  our  Constitution obviously  intended instead of a ruling or controlling organization like a kingdom.)

A Jury of twelve peers is now the supreme pillar of government (serverment) that supersedes the authority of the Judicial, Executive and Legislative branches. This amendment is intended to ensure accountability of all elected officials and government (serverment) employees. Jurors shall be of at least the age of twenty-five, randomly selected from census (until twelve willing servers are found and accepted who have no firsthand knowledge of the matter before the courts.  Unwillingness and resentment from force does not  provide beneficial services, IMO.) and are not to be excused for any reason other than poor physical or mental health with supporting medical certification, or first-hand knowledge of the matter before the courts. Jurors shall be paid what they earn at their present employment.  ( I do not understand the need for unequal pay for equal service.  The equal pay could be the highest of what any one juror’s earnings in his present employment.)ie:  Jurors shall be paid equally according to the highest of any one of the jurors’ earnings in his present employment.)  No elected official or private citizen shall be immune from standing trial by jury to answer to a sustained charge.

Section 2

The juror’s duty is to vote on the innocence or guilt of the charged person and on the Constitutional legitimacy of the charge itself. Jurors shall be the sole arbiters of what evidence will be ruled admissible or inadmissible and may directly question any plaintiff or defendant, the purpose being to arrive at the full truth.

Section 3.

The role of a judge in jury trials is to referee and impose order upon the proceedings, to ensure that the jury decisions and rationale are permanently recorded for judicial review in the public record, and to advise the jury when asked.

Section 4.

Lawyers are not required by either the plaintiff or defendant but either party may retain any councilor they so choose. If they desire but can’t afford council, the state will cover costs. The losing party must bear court costs and financial judgments awarded by the jury where applicable. This will serve as incentive to avoid litigation.

Section 5.

Juries will have only five basic verdicts; innocence, guilty but forgiven, guilty and financial restitution of twice the loss a plaintiff suffers, guilty and banishment from the community to at least two federal electoral districts away after participating in rehabilitation for a specified period, or guilty and death (or solitary confinement, choice to be made by the guilty within a specified period). If a person is charged and convicted a second time for substantially the same crime whose previous punishment was banishment or restitution, guilty and death (or solitary confinement as specified above) shall be the only verdict. Prisons are a breeding ground for criminality and a form of punishment. Our society desires rehabilitation. Criminal records will only be revealed to jurors in the event of a trial so that no citizen will be tainted in the eyes of his fellow man. Let it be known that our mercy is great but our tolerance is low.

Section 6.

All juries must submit a written verdict that articulates their reasoning per the requirements of the Constitution and any statutory law that further refines its meaning. If a statute is found by the jury to be in contradiction to the Constitution, the jury will find the defendant innocent, the statute will be struck down and no restitution will be awarded to any party.



Section 1.

Anyone who swears an oath of office and then uses that office to undermine this Constitution of the United States is guilty of Treason.

Section 2.

Anyone who acts in collusion with any party described in Section 1 herein is also guilty of Treason.

Section 3.

Any charge of Treason will be heard by a Jury of twelve. The power of Impeachment will have no authority or jurisdiction over crimes of Treason.



To prevent election fraud, all election balloting is to be conducted as follows:

Voters must obtain a voter registration card that must be mailed in advance to the voter’s registered address to ensure the vote is applied in the correct constituency;

Each voter may only register in one constituency and administrative steps must be taken to ensure the principle of one person, one vote across the entire nation;

When a voter presents him or herself to vote, they must present valid photo identification and their voter registration card. An elections officer will validate the card against the voter list and confirm the voter’s identification with an indicated address that is in agreement with the voter registration card;

Confirmed voters will be given a ballot which contains the names of all eligible candidates, their political affiliation or party, any propositions, a unique ballot identification number and a carbon copy of the original ballot that shall serve as a receipt and proof of their voting decision;

All ballots shall be hand-counted at the voting station by at least three persons and at least two other persons shall witness the proceedings; if any count is in disagreement, there shall be a recount. The results of each ballot shall be entered into a national public database that is accessible by anyone via the internet;

Ballot boxes must not leave the room until they have all been counted, results entered into the national database or local computers for later upload if necessary, tally sheets for each candidate filled out and notarized by the chief elections officer at that voting station, scanned or photographed for later upload to a public database and then gathered into a container that clearly marks the voting station precinct information in indelible ink; the container to be locked with a tamper-proof seal;

Ballots and tally sheets will be sent to a central storage facility and retained for at least three months after the term of office commences, unless the vote is challenged; in which case they shall be retained for one year;

If there is suspicion of vote fraud, challengers must file a notarized Writ of Election Challenge to the county clerk which states the grounds for challenge. A county clerk filing notice must be presented to the county sheriff. The sheriff and challenger shall attend to the central storage facility to secure the premises and verify the integrity of precinct box seals, and commence the recount of each precinct with the chief election officers of each precinct in attendance;

Upon a recount, all precincts shall be recounted and any tally sheets in discrepancy with the originals will be filed on the national database just as the original counts were. If there are irregularities, the sheriff shall undertake an investigation and press any charges for election tampering if warranted.



Section 1.

The seventeenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2.

To ensure fair elections and honorable conduct in legislatures, all elections must adhere to the following rules and procedures:

No candidate in any federal, state or local election may receive more than $10,000 from any (one adult citizen.  No money may be given to any adult citizens with the specified intent to support or vote for a specified candidate.  No corporations or any other organization has any rights as an individual to participate in elections whatsoever.  Otherwise members of organizations have more rights than anyone else.)  contributor, whether private or corporate and all contributions must be publicly disclosed;

No contributor (adult citizen) may contribute to more than one particular candidate per election;

All candidates will be afforded campaign funding in their electoral district as follows on a daily basis: One quarter-page advertisement in every district newspaper, Four one-minute television spots on every district television station with two in prime time and two in the next best time slot, One sixty-second spot per hour on each radio station;

Advertisements will commence sixty days prior to an election;

An invitation to every publicized debate established for candidates running for that particular office.

Candidates are free to use the internet to campaign any way they see fit and the costs of hosting that campaign on a web server to a maximum of $100,000 will be borne by the state with the provision that only one domain name will be supported and advertising their site on other sites will be constrained to $10,000;

Any act of bribery, unreported campaign contribution or unreported coercion will be considered an act of Treason and all parties to it will face the same punishment;

No political candidate may serve more than one term of office in any federal, state or local government serverment;

The electoral districts for the House of Representatives shall be evenly divided according to population within one percent, based on the last 10 year census and reallocated within a year of the completion of that census; first with regard to state boundaries and then with states immediately adjacent so that where possible the electoral district will be contained within a single border.



Section 1.

Any government (serverment) civil servant or elected official who engages in an act of malfeasance shall not be immune to prosecution. Any offended party may lay a charge and have them brought to answer at trial before a jury of peers.

Section 2.

Any government (serverment) civil servant or elected official who engages in an act of misfeasance shall not be immune to sanction or prosecution. Any offended party may report the employee to the employee’s supervisor or to their elected representative and that employee will be advised of the complaint. Repeated offenses will be grounds for termination. The intent of this clause is that our government (serverment) employees are to be servants and not abusers of the people they were hired to serve.

Section 3.

The president of the United States shall not have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States for any reason whatsoever.



Section 1.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; Congress shall make no law or engage in any act abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press;

Section 2.

The people reserve the right to peaceably assemble in any public place and for any reasonable duration of time as long as it does not effectively block a thoroughfare and such assembly does not lead to the permanent defacing or destruction of public property; the people may petition the government (serverment) for a redress of grievances and any petition containing five thousand signatures or more must be immediately and publically responded to. Such petitions must pre-empt any government serverment business at hand so that the will of the people is not frustrated by an unresponsive government serverment. If a second petition must be presented by the people for substantially the same grievance, a Jury shall be assembled and those elected officials in government (serverment) responsible for acting in bad faith will be held accountable; the Jury’s ruling shall be final.

Section 3.

No legislation will be voted on within either the Senate or House of Representatives without there being at least two thirds of the representatives of each respective House being present. All legislators present must vote Yea or Nay. Abstentions are not permissible.



Section 1.

The sixteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

Section 2.

The Internal Revenue Service and all tax courts are hereby dissolved, effective immediately.

Section 3.

Section 4 of the fourteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.



Section 1.

 No person shall be required to pay property tax on any possessions. Any real property purchased in consideration of full payment or acquired by any other lawful means shall be deemed held in allodium by such person and titled accordingly. (????) If a real property has been pledged as collateral for a loan and misfortune should befall the owner so that the real property must be surrendered to satisfy the loan, the real property shall revert back to the owner on the jubilee year that shall fall at the turn of each century and the start of the 50th year of each century. In the event of foreclosure and until the next jubilee, the creditor shall have unencumbered use of the collateral real property.

Section 2.

All sales of real property must be approved by abutting neighbors, as a concession, so as to preserve their property values if the real property is to be rezoned for any purpose other than as used by the present owner  (If any real property is to be rezoned for any purpose other than as used by the present owner, such sales of real property must be approved by abutting neighbors, as a concession, so as to preserve their property values.)   In the event a property is abandoned as unoccupied for a period of seven years or more, any third party may file a petition with the county to acquire the property and after filing appropriate notice to the present titled owner, the county will issue a quit-claim deed and affect the transfer of ownership. If land is owned, it must be put to the use for which it was acquired within seven years or it must revert back to county ownership.

Section 3.

It is explicitly delegated as the county’s duty as administrator of public lands to ensure that all those residents who desire property for a homestead shall be satisfied but that such decision to allocate particular tracts of land will be weighed in the best interests of the county at large and for the preservation of nature. Any administrator who accepts any bribe and any person who offers such bribe with respect to land homesteading will be guilty of Treason.

Section 4.

All property presently titled in the name of any government (serverment) jurisdiction hereby reverts to the beneficial owner.

Section 5.

No private property may be expropriated by any government (serverment) authority for any reason whatsoever, unless by the full consent and satisfaction of terms which are to be dictated solely by the lawful owner. Furthermore, the same consent and satisfaction of terms must be granted and received by all the abutting property owners lest their property values be diminished by the use for which it is being expropriated without receiving just compensation.

Section 6.

All land presently deemed federal or state public land is hereby acceded to the counties in which each tract of land presently resides. If there be no county interest, the land shall be evenly partitioned and granted to the abutting counties within state lines. Each county government shall administer the land and decide its best use in consideration of the best interests of its immediate residents.

Section 7.

A person’s labor is that person’s private property and held in allodium.

Section 8.

All fictitious persons, also known as nom de guerre or natural persons attributable to flesh-and-blood human beings are hereby declared null and void. All legislation that presently refers to persons or natural persons shall be deemed to refer to a human being.

Section 9.

The Fourteenth Amendment Section 1 is hereby rescinded in its entirety as a violation of the previous section amendment. There is only one form of citizenship in the United States of America and that is the citizen of the State in which they are born who is also by extension a citizen of these several United States.

Section 10.

All District of Columbia jurisdictions are hereby granted statehood. The federal capital of Washington is a state that has the special distinction of being the seat of the federal government.

Section 11.

All Native American Indian treaties that have ever been entered into shall be brought forth by surviving tribe members who can prove their heritage and the treaties will be honored to the fullest extent possible. If they cannot be honored for practical interests that meet the greater good of all affected parties, an alternate treaty will be renegotiated that meets the spirit and intent of the original treaty. Public lands are appropriate negotiable lands for treaty settlement purposes. Treaty lands will be in the same states of the original grant and be of a character and quality that was originally granted. Any disputes will be resolved by a jury of 12 of which half shall come from the tribe population and half from the electoral district in which the dispute occurs and members will be selected at random per article XXIX.



Section 1.

The National Credit Office is hereby established and commissioned as follows:

Regulate the issuing and retiring of all of the nation’s supply of money with the express goal of optimizing the efficiency of the nation’s consumption of its own production;

Pay for its own operations out of funding issued by itself based upon an approved budget;

Provide all funding necessary for the operation of all federal, state and local governments; to be issued to same upon ratification of their budgets by their duly elected legislative assemblies;

Operate autonomously from all other branches of government so as not to be under any external corrupting influences. Any officer or employee of the National Credit Office who is found guilty of committing any act of misfeasance shall be terminated immediately. Any officer or employee, along with any external accomplices found guilty of engaging in any act of malfeasance shall be guilty of Treason;

Establish a Bureau of Economic Statistics that shall measure on a quarter-annual basis: The costs of production attributable to wages, earnings, dividends and any other expenditures that put purchasing power directly into the hands of domestic consumers; All other costs of production which by definition do not add consumer purchasing power; The cost of all goods and services produced which presumably add up to the sum of the first two statistical items and thus the amount of effective demand needed in the economy; The price of all goods and services consumed by the nation; The price of all goods and services imported and exported; The ratio of production to consumption to assist in regulating the issue of effective demand;   (I have my doubts that any of this complication  is necessary except  as  interesting information. )  The prevailing prices of a standard list of accepted necessities such as wheat, corn, common meat, common vegetables, minimal housing, clothing, energy, etc.  to obtain an average price (price index) for one period compared to another period to measure the stability of prices.  The dividend flowing equally to every adult citizen will be adjusted accordingly to stabilize the prices. )  The ratio of imports to exports to assess the balance of trade;

Establish a Bureau of Imports and Exports whose mandate is to ensure that the nation’s trade with partner nations is balanced and fair. This bureau is empowered with the ability to levy import and export taxes to enforce fair trade policy;

Establish a bureau of bank regulation to audit and monitor the nation’s banks to ensure that they lend money at interest only in proportion to funds on hand;

Issue interest-free loans to producers and consumers with the express mandate of maximizing the nation’s self-sufficiency in every industry, by optimizing the efficiency of the nation’s production of goods and services and encouraging domestic production of all of the nation’s wealth, so as not to be beholden to any foreign nation.;

Issue any shortfall in effective demand needed by consumers to meet the price of producers; to be paid into circulation as a national dividend to every citizen over the age of eighteen and as a national sales credit payable only to residents of the nation for the purchase of consumer goods and services. National dividends shall be credited directly to the domestic bank accounts of residents as so directed by them. National sales credits shall be credited directly to consumers at the point of purchase.   (I see no need for sales credit complication)  Administrative steps must be taken to prevent fraud. Any conviction for fraud will result in the suspension of the National Dividend of the guilty party or parties for not less than one year for the first conviction and an additional year added for every conviction thereafter, in addition to restitution judgment as the jury sees fit.

Section 2.

The National Credit Office shall be reviewed annually by a random Jury of twelve people who:

Appoint independent auditors at their complete discretion who will be empowered to fully scrutinize all of the computers, records, contracts, documents and any information they deem necessary to conduct a thorough review;

Approve the next year’s funding budget as submitted by the National Credit Office;

File criminal charges against any person or persons found engaged in any acts of malfeasance with respect to the integrity of the nation’s money supply;

Fire any person or persons found engaged in any acts of misfeasance;

Review the accounting firm’s findings and recommendations and release a public report summarizing all of their collective findings.

Section 3.

The Federal Reserve Act and all subsequent revisions are hereby repealed and the Federal Reserve is hereby ordered dissolved. All currency issued to the public, but not in the possession of banks and financial institutions, as Federal Reserve Notes will be converted to money issued on par by the National Credit Office, as will all bank deposits of US residents. Fractional reserves are hereby outlawed. Money may only be loaned at interest which is actually on hand by the lender and whose use of same has been given up to the creditor.



Section 1.

The following sentence shall be added to all oaths of office; “I hereby renounce all oaths I have previously taken and the benefits afforded by them in favor of this higher office and higher cause. I hereby declare those previous oaths to be <then specify>.” A violation of the oath of office is an act of Treason and shall be dealt with accordingly.

Section 2.

The 22nd amendment Section 1 shall be further amended to allow only one term of office for the President and Vice President. All Congressmen, Senators and Supreme Court justices are also to only serve a single six-year term of office and will be ineligible to hold that office for a second term.



Executive orders of our Presidents are edicts of a king and they have no place in our Republic. All executive orders issued to date are hereby declared null and void. No executive orders are permissible by any elected official or holder of any public office from this day forth.



Section 1.

All legislation proposed by the House of Representatives and the Senate shall contain of only one essential item of business. No tagging of unrelated appropriations or legislation is permitted. Each piece of legislation shall be preceded by a single cover page that concisely states the purpose and substance of the bill.

Section 2.

All statutory laws that have been written to date and that contain more than one essential item of business per Section 1 shall be declared null and void.

(After suggesting my changes, I received this response from Dean Malone:)

Sent: Tuesday, March 20, 2012 2:36:27 PM
Subject: RE: [chdouglas] RE; Some suggested changes

Thank you for the input. The simple fact is that these are just proposals. Obviously, the notions will be debated and reshaped until a consensus is arrived at and there is obviously no guarantee that any of these amendments will ever get implemented. I’m just another arse with an opinion and these amendments shape mine. It is clear from your suggestions that you at least agree with the intent of these proposals. There were none you flat out disagreed with. I’m glad to know I am not the only one who has these thoughts. I won’t be changing them since the book is substantially completed and your recommendations don’t fundamentally reveal flaws in my reasoning.

On the death or solitary confinement point, it is my intention that prisons be eliminated. You do the crime, you pay the price. It’s not like you didn’t know the consequence from the outset. That’s the consequence of this amendment. No jails and zero tolerance. If the jury believes you can be rehabilitated you live – but under the terms they offer you. If you don’t like the terms, tough. You gave up your say the instant you did the crime. Liberty is the freedom to do whatever you want AS LONG AS YOU DON’T VIOLATE THE LIBERTIES OF OTHERS. If you violate that boundary, you answer for it with the prescribed price. Death is a possible consequence.

I like the idea of excluding corporations from making campaign contributions. I think I’ll incorporate it.

Serverment is not in the dictionary, so sorry but no.

Your idea of using an index has already been tried and found wanting in the balance. If my formula looks complicated, just think about it a bit longer and you’ll see the value. It is a more scientific and mathematically implementable method IMO.

On national sales credits, there are 2 ways – give it to the buyer or give it to the seller. I say give it to the buyer. Less prone to fraud.




“It was six men of Indostan To learning much inclined, Who went to see the Elephant (Though all of them were blind), That each by observation Might satisfy his mind[9]

“And so these men of Hindustan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinion Exceeding stiff and strong, Though each was partly in the right And all were in the wrong.”

To me this is our world situation today, sad to say, although we are not blind and need only to open our eyes and thus our minds.  When are we going to start listening to each other in order to better understand the world in which we live?  Over 50 years ago in my late 20s age, I wrote about my deep concern when Sputnik went up.  (Included in this blog as ““.  I felt that humanity at that time was not ready for that much power, let alone atom bombs etc. and today after all this time, we are even worse off and have well demonstrated the results that I feared.  How little have we learned socially in over 50 years!  At that time from what little that I exposed of what I wrote, the comment I remember is that it was redundant.  My only feeling about that is that the person was superficially glossing over what I was trying to say, as I try to use precise words to cover my meaning.  I could see that almost no one was interested from that era in what I had to say or communicate.  Sad to say, this seems to be an all too common reaction to communications even today, even though OWS (Occupy Wall Street) activity shows that things may be bad enought to wake more people up.



Written in 1958 just a few months after Sputnik launch October 4, 1957


  1. —–The fact that millions of humanity has sound reasons to question the wonderfulness of this dynamic world of variety, action, and change urgently demonstrates the extreme importance of our becoming completely aware of life’s essential components. Understanding and appreciating the miracle of our living and adapting ourselves accordingly is the only sound basis for human happiness. We have to lift our heads up out of the sand of ignorance to squarely face the realities of life. The search for truth, wisdom, and common sense requires diligently thorough and clear thinking. When people are intensely hoping and searching for peace before it is too late, the provocation of our minds must be more vital to our welfare than any other human activity today. Our dynamic world has wonderful possibilities if we will just focus our mental capacity efficiently and effectively upon our problems.
  2. —–In trying to solve our problems, we tend to pick at and criticize the straws of headline events, and the particular laws and institutions that we happen to think are responsible for them, rather than the underlying simple but less obvious causes. A doctor cannot cure a disease by treating its symptoms, but must find and eliminate the causes. We are only putting the cart before the horse by forcefully and artificially changing our laws and institutions, thereby confounding our problems or creating new and greater ones.
  3. —–Dictatorship and its associated evils of wholesale manslaughter in many countries, and the coercive governments illustrate the consequences. The underlying philosophy and attitudes of life come first whenever a change is desired, and that can only be effected by assembling and interrelating applicable proven facts and sharing them over direct person to person conversational intercommunicating systems that are freely accessible to all. No doubt enough applicable knowledge is already recognized and generally accepted so that most people would instantly see the “light” if 2 and 2 were put together and properly interrelated to make 4.
  4. —–Once we realize and eliminate some simple causes, we may discover that other present conditions or events and tenaciously accepted as above suspicion were also affected and were just as much the symptoms of our troubles as the conditions that we were laying all the blame on. In our desperate prayers for peace, we may be inadvertently asking for the greatest change in history of our individual social attitudes and in ways that we have never dreamed of.
  5. —–Intelligent beings should always maintain an alert and open receptivity to truth whenever and wherever its source if they are to be effective and efficient. The truth is no less or no more the truth when conveyed by the greatest liar or the most honest saint, or written in the most corrupt book or the most respectable book. Any concept should stand or fall on its own merits as measured by the everyday experience and awareness of each individual. Too often a concept becomes attached to a personality or reputation, and stands or falls, not according to its own merit or correlation to generally recognizable truth, but according to the personality or reputation of the advocator. The advocator’s identity, place of residence, or livelihood, or the reputation of a writing should never influence the acceptability of a particular concept.
  6. —–Concepts opposing one’s own viewpoint should not be avoided or regarded too lightly. Honest and sincere disagreements, differences, or arguments are a potential source of additional knowledge and always merit careful consideration, comparisons. and analysis.
  7. —–The most constructive reaction the advocator of any concept can get is such strong, well thought out, well worded comments, criticisms, or support that he will have equally strong basis for changing or extending some or all of his conclusions or for making his original stand more clear and vigorous. The power of human thinking can establish the understanding and appreciation of our universe, and our adaptability to it if all individuals have the means and attitudes to freely intercommunicate their thoughts, reasonings, and the experiences behind them.
  8. —–In our age of man made satellites precaution is due before we take widely acceptable ideas too lightly and brand them idealistic, utopian, dreamy, impractical, or too good to be true. How can anything be literally too good to be true unless we’re sadistic, masochistic, or fatalistic? Do we ever consider anything too bad to be true? What does this say of our present attitudes? We must uncover the missing necessary links of understanding that would make these ideals work out in practice.
  9. —–Remember that most of our recent power of action accomplishments, flying, space travel, nuclear power, guided missiles, were impractical dreams, if thought of at all, to most of us up to just a very, very short time ago. It is time the same idealism and utopian dreaming, if that is what it must be called, stimulate the advancement of social understanding and appreciation to a level at least equal to our fantastic power of action development as with Sputnik. Action power must be balanced with a social organization upholding the understanding and appreciation of our universe. Playing around with such great action power as nuclear bombs without the foresight of a survival compatible social organization subjects humanity to the real danger of irresponsible or accidental extermination.
  10. —–So often we may lack necessary understanding and appreciation because we take for granted many of the natural wonders of our everyday environment and thereby miss their significance. How many have really stopped to consider what a rare and precious occurrence or miracle that each individual life represents? Without considering all the factors of heredity and environment involved by chance since the beginning of time leading to each conception and survival, just a few factors that are known within the last few generations would indicate the possibility of a particular individual existing at a particular time as practically zero. Just supposing one of your parents, grandparents, or some other ancestor had failed in any one of the many narrow escapes from death that befall us all before maturity and parentage, you would not be here. Consider how many are not born and present today because by chance their potential ancestor never were born, died, never met, or not at the right time etc..
  11. —–Yet we continue to take ourselves and each other for granted. We take each passing moment and its associations, so fleeting and never to be again, too much for granted. We simply fail to probe and appreciate the depth of the beauty, harmony, and mystery of the natural wonders of our world. Would we only bear in mind at all times that only by understanding our world as much as possible as soon as possible can we get our fullest possible measure of life and happiness from each passing moment, for each moment of opportunity wasted is gone forever.
  12. —–The activity of each of us on earth is limited to same relative briefness, and since we’re all in this world together, logic points to our urgent need to cooperate with one another to make the most of it by understanding and appreciating each other and everything else. Individually our existence is just an insignificant speck in this universe of energy-matter-space-time. This universe will have the same laws of reaction after we’re gone as before we existed. Our wants and happiness will have to cater to these laws through our own understanding, appreciation, and adaptation.
  13. —–Truth is our indisputable master and holds the key to our happiness in this universe. Truth is the actual conditions or relations of our universe or environment. Our mind through its five senses can perceive impressions of the truth within its level of sensitivity, and this range of sensitivity is gradually being extended with mechanical inventions. At any one time our senses are limited in scope and do not perceive the total possible impressions of the characteristics, activities, and relationships of an object or entity of matter, but with the accumulations of written records the opportunity to broaden our perceptions and awareness becomes increasingly available. At any rate, the pattern of our thinking must be limited and correlated to the pattern of actuality through the persistent use of our senses for impressions, or we become mere parrots uttering meaningless noises.
  14. —–The earnest and sincere communication of impressions of actuality is truthfulness. The understanding and appreciation of the miracle of our brief existence and the motivation to adapt ourselves can come only through truthfulness. The existence of any living body depends on its internal intercommunications of truth impressions. The child learns about its world through its nerve communication of truth impressions from its senses of touch, sight, hearing, taste, and smell, and uses its brain to store and organize experience impressions, and its muscles to activate its body. Truthful communications between the parts of its body are necessary before the child can learn to eat, walk, talk, or otherwise adjust to the world.
  15. —–Truthfulness is the price of survival and efficiency of life. The slow and tedious trial and error evolution of living matter follows this principle. Failures are self-eliminating. Succeeders are self-perpetuating. All life instinctively searches for impressions of actuality in order to survive. Only as each life instinctively searches for impressions of environmental relationships can it develop responses that are necessary for its continued existence, including recognition of food, comfort, danger etc. The life with the most awareness has the greatest adaptability. Thus increase in intelligence is a natural built in step of evolution and must be associated with truthfulness for efficient utilization of this adaptability.
  16. —–In the “higher” animals, the power of communicating impressions of truth has exceeded the individual boundary and reached outwards to other individuals through the use of vocal cords and ears. Except in man, this development is somewhat limited. With the advantage of a much greater mental capacity, man has established practically unlimited verbal symbols or wordage for outward communication of truth impressions. Furthermore, he has engaged his hands and eyes in establishing written symbols, which makes stable records possible. This interdependent development has elevated human knowledge over that of other animals-so called dumb animals. This is quite a feat or “feather in the hat” of the human species. Our language is our nervous system’s unique power to develop, organize, extend, and record itself. Without our language, even the most intelligent individual in each generation would have to repeatedly learn any simple fact of life through his own time and strength limited life experience. There could be no progressive accumulation of knowledge from one individual to another, or from one generation to another. These symbolic communications link individuals to individuals and generations to generations for the cooperative growth of human knowledge and wisdom. Now we must come to realize that truthfulness in our interdependent outward communications is also the price of humanity’s survival and efficiency of life.
  17. —–Our languages have problems that we must be continually aware of. Our words are not the actual object, relationship, or activity. They can only represent our impressions of them. A word may not carry the same meaning or reference to different people. Until we eliminate the haphazard enforced isolation of individual intercommunications, the word’s reference to actuality must be carefully compared before any conflict is considered.
  18. —–We must realize that our senses also cannot alone determine accurate measures of any characteristic but can only make crude and immediate comparisons. For accurate measure we require accessory equipment and a system of order to calculate with, such as a measuring stick or unit and a system of counting 1, 2, 2 etc.. A good illustration of this is: Take 3 pails of water, one at 40 degrees F., one 80 degrees, and the other 120 degrees. Place the left hand in the 40 water and right hand in the 120 water for a couple of minutes. Then place the left hand in the 80 water and water feels warm. Place the right hand in the 80 water and the water feels cold. Yet the thermometer will read the same in the 80 water regardless which of the other two pails of water it was placed in first.
  19. —–Another problem of our words is that they must represent impressions of a completely dynamic world or universe. All entities of matter are dynamic and continue to change regardless how constantly we maintain a particular symbol for it. Therefore, in our minds we have to compromise and allow for the discrepancy between our static symbols and the dynamic environment those symbols are intended to represent. We have to avoid the fallacy of stereotyping the meaning of our words. The words “rock” or “dog” cannot represent any entity of matter unless infinitely indexed and dated. The index would have to vary with all the individuals that ever existed of the group that a word represents and the date would have to broken down to the smallest conceivable unit of time.
  20. —–No unit of matter is ever in absolute isolation but changes with its changing relationships. Dog 1 is not the same as Dog 2. Dog 1 1950 is not the same as Dog 1 1951. A common or average dog is an abstract concept. Since we cannot spell out all the differences of our dynamic world without getting hopelessly bogged down in our words, we have to automatically maintain our awareness of our dynamic world and avoid stereotyping the meaning of our words. The development of the modern adult with his intercommunications and accumulations of knowledge has outgrown the handicaps of children and primitive people who understandably may not perceive minute differences or changes of matter.
  21. —–As simple as it may seem, the bottom of most of our social, political, and economical problems today may possibly lie in the confusion from our use of the word “individualism” either to mean individual uniqueness or differentiation, or to mean individual independence or self-sufficiency, or to mean both. One gets the thoughtlessly overwhelming impression that the two meanings must go hand in hand, and if one is desirable the other must be likewise.
  22. —–Nothing could be farther from the truth. Primitive independence is not favorable, let alone mandatory, for the individual’s freedom to fully develop uniqueness or differentiation. Actually, pressure for conformity starts from the too close association of independent competitive individuals. Closer association of individuals is an unavoidable trend as populations grow. With the independents belief in self-sufficiency, he forces himself into uniformity and naturally expects the same of others. After all, one independent has to do for himself as another has to do for himself. When their efforts, limited to all of us by time and strength, are thinly diffused as “jack of all trades-master of none” just to provide basic necessities of life, which are further complicated by technical developments and competition with one another, effective and efficient individual development of natural differentiating traits is a lost cause.
  23. —–On the other hand, we can take a living body as an example of cellular development of interdependence, be the body a man or a mouse. The millions of cells of the body have specialized and organized their functions through cooperative interdependence. At some stage in cellular evolution, the nervous system originated and gradually developed, much the same as we have developed our language communication between individuals.
  24. —In the body, more efficient communication enabled each cell to realize its dependence on and responsibility for the other cells, and to more effectively organize for the welfare of each cell and the body as a whole. As one cell specialized to more efficiently perform one function, other cells could specialize to more efficiently perform other necessary functions. Hence, dependable interdependence promotes differentiation and uniqueness. The fullest development of natural individual differences is at a premium in an association of responsible and cooperative cells.
  25. —–Varied humanity favors the efficient adaptation of our species to the varied and changing conditions of our environment. Variation within a species is the best protective device in assuring the survival of a species. In our accumulation of knowledge, many different types of individuals, both mentally and physically, are required for the specialized observation of the greatest detail of the total of spontaneous or possible experimental or man made occurrences throughout future space and time, as well as determine through research what has happened in the past.
  26. —–Variation in humanity is prerequisite to assimilating#the aggregation of experiences and to formulating truthful concepts from them. Variations are also needed to fulfill the necessary functions of our social and economic organization, which, as our knowledge and population increases, is replacing natural spontaneous functions of our environment with human manipulated and sustained activities.
  27. —–The recognition of our over all interdependence is vitally important to our welfare. Some degree of interdependence has been inherent in our makeup ever since before the development of our species. To begin with, our sexual reproduction and our mammalian care of our young, unusually prolonged in our species, makes interdependence mandatory at least to the extent of 2 members of our species for at least a period of time. It should be clear that reliable interdependence favors individual uniqueness which in turn favors the efficient survival of our species. Now it is up to us to establish reliable interdependence among human individuals so that we can use our bodies’ developed mind potential to advance peace and goodwill beyond any current conception.
  28. —–Our unique development of language has given us the opportunity to accumulate knowledge from individual to individual and from generation to generation. An individual or living group starting from scratch could not gain in his or their lifetime experience, because of time and strength limitations, anywhere near the amount of knowledge held by even our most primitive of people. They would have no chance to encompass ultimate universal understanding or wisdom. But a vast network of intercommunicating minds distributed throughout time and space might eventually assemble enough information.
  29. —–Our interdependence is also indicated in the fact that each individual is entirely the product of heredity and the environment, neither of which can be controlled by him in any way. Many will say, “Oh, yes he can! He can if he just wants to”. Well, what makes one want to and another not want to? Regardless of your immediate answer, you can always trace the causes back to either heredity or environment or the interaction of both.
  30. —–With heredity fixed at conception, the subsequent development of the individual is flexible only through his environment. As our population increases, we become a larger and larger part of each other’s environment. The development of the individual is therefore increasingly subject to his interaction with the rest of us. Undoubtedly, we are all our brothers’ keeper. Naturally the more of us there are the better job we can do for each other because of the natural variation of our heredity and environment. That is why it is very destructive to our society to pressure for conformity and to restrict the freedom of our intercommunications between any individual by making it a private cost instead of a public cost.
  31. —–Curiously, we have more obvious control over others than we have over ourselves. Even the heredity available to the next generation of new individuals can be interdependently limited by the generations immediately before them.
  32. —–With the independent’s false belief in his self-sufficiency and responsibility he closes his mind and is heedless to our very dynamic world with everyone and everything forever changing as they affect one another. With closed minds we stereotype ourselves and everything else, and quickly come into conflict with actuality. This stereotyping of oneself or others gives dictators their excuse for wholesale manslaughter and capitalists their excuse for competitive isolation of individuals and their fate.
  33. —–The undeniable evidence of our utter helplessness as isolated independent individuals should encourage our desire#for dependable interdependence. It is our only chance to achieve the fullest development of our naturally differentiating traits. Dependable interdependence removes the individual as far as possible from the haphazard forces of chance, and gives humanity its greatest control over its own destiny. Interdependence within the whole of humanity acts with the binding effect of insurance and each individual has the security and stability that their variation and wide distribution gives humanity as a whole.
  34. —–As our knowledge increases, more and better tools and methods for determining facts become available, which again in turn accelerates the accumulation of knowledge. This compounded interaction continues at an ever-accelerating tempo. The power of human action has paralleled this accelerating increase in knowledge, by our understanding and appreciation of life and its social aspects lags startling far behind.
  35. —–Our independent ideology demands our personal shell of privacy, so that we subjectively maintain a “Hands Off” policy concerning the study of ourselves. We must learn to look at ourselves objectively, for our philosophy or attitudes of life and the rules and institutions derived therefrom must conform to natural laws of this universe or our civilization is doomed.
  36. —–As we become a larger and larger part of each other’s environment, our effect on each other becomes greater and greater. It is practically impossible for one individual’s happiness to survive any length of time at the expense of other individuals’ happiness. The isolated independent does not have the communication to realize this situation. Such haphazard communication blocks our full understanding and appreciation of, and our adaptation to our universe.
  37. —–Through intercommunication, individuals of the human races must pool the resources of their past, present, and future experiences to determine the facts of our universe and formulate a common basis for each other’s opportunity to happiness. These basic concepts will have to get universal#distribution and acceptance before any particular individual will have a sound opportunity for happiness through his own#understanding, appreciation, and adaptability.
  38. —–Isolation of the individual promotes shortsighted and independent selfishness, a typical and limited selfishness. Competitive attitudes destroy our cooperative spirit. As independents specialize to utilize our accumulated knowledge, they lose sight of the whole, thus losing their perspective and their sense of vital values. Profit for profit’s sake and tools for tool’s sake become the goal even though thoughtless and meaningless. Independents are collectively victims of their own concepts and tools subject to their own mechanical inventions. Through ignorant competition, we enslave ourselves when with just our present pool of knowledge we could through cooperation emancipate ourselves-each and every one of us.
  39. —–The philosophy of competition or currently considered good business boils down to each individual “getting as much as he can for as little as he can give. We consider the right to accumulate wealth under competitive conditions as a necessity to individual initiative. This infers to the independent or group of independents the right to monopolize the accumulations of nature to the best of his ability or luck to grab.
  40. —–This amounts to parasitic opportunism. But where we#have become the predominate part of nature or each other’s environment, this parasitic opportunism would be more accurately called cannibalism-the ultra refined or not so refined preying upon the members of one’s own species. We are independently blind to the fact that the parasite limits his own possibilities and welfare to the same degree that he deteriorates the welfare of his host. Cancerous cells kill the body on which it depends and thus eventually destroy themselves. The more one contributes to the host, the more the host can contribute to one. Some nitrogen-fixing bacteria associate with some legume plants in exchange for a source of carbohydrates to their mutual benefit.
  41. —–We can to our advantage change our interrelationship from parasitic opportunism or cannibalism to mutualism or what you might call mutual beneficialism. When we come to realize that no individual or group of individuals can attain his or their ultimate welfare at the expense of anyone else, no more than a brain or one of its cells, no matter how self important, can reach its ultimate welfare at the expense of any other organ or cell of the body, the Golden Rule will come to life.
  42. —–The human species has come to a point in its development where truthfulness in individual outward communication is just as essential to our survival and efficiency of living as internal truthfulness has always been to individual survival. Deceitfulness destroys the#energy and mental capacity of humanity, producing resignation, apathy, cynicism, and aggressive and revengeful parasitism. The haphazard mixing of a little truth here and there, half truths, and personalities is a treacherously, bewilderingly, complicated mess and too dangerous in our age of atomic bombs. Such chaos jeopardizes human existence and happiness.
  43. —–Modern deceitfulness is an amplified carryover from prehistoric man when all creatures were relatively independent and noncommunicative, and delicately balanced competitively in their weakness. Their limited strength insured that their effect upon their environment or each other would be of little consequence. Perhaps we are not fully aware of its deleterious effects upon our present interdependent existence because we have grown up with it. The existence and predominance of trickiness, pretences, deceitfulness, and other related refinements in our society represents an amazing contradiction to or misdirection of our supposedly present level of intelligence and knowledge.
  44. —–Our primitive belief in individual independence and competition maintains our interaction of parasitic opportunism and deceitfulness. Mankind is almost totally infected with this manifold disease. It is man’s worst disease, a mental disease, that is extremely contagious and pernicious, and yet the most unnecessary. In the first place, the isolated independent is not fully aware of all his effects on others and his environment, and the affected are equally helpless in realizing the cause of their problems. We become resigned and blame it on human nature. We end up practicing deceitfulness and parasitic opportunism in defense against parasitic opportunism of others. This interaction restricts mankind to his lowest level of#survival.
  45. —–Truthfulness of one opens himself up to the competitive parasitic opportunism of others. We are such chronic sufferers of this disease that we are practically unaware of its handicaps. We act as if it were a natural and necessary function in life. We have actually come to the contradictory stage where we look askance or reproachful at an individual exhibiting above average sincerity and honesty. You would think one with these qualities must be awfully naive, a simpleton, or just not all there. How does this speak for the intelligence or wisdom of humanity? As independents, we are hopelessly bogged down in a vicious rut.
  46. —–Man has become the predominant part of his own environment. As we crowd together in our population growth the prevailing deceitfulness in our associations snowballs to disastrous levels. It spreads like wildfire, and eventually returns in the communications to the originator, more than canceling out any initial advantage. The infection of deceitfulness interrupts the chain of our ever-increasing knowledge. The continuity and effectiveness of#our vital symbolic communications are destroyed.
  47. —–Individuals have to learn over and over what others have already learned. Such a large portion of our efforts is wasted in checking and sorting out the truths from the untruths. Only a small portion of our energy can go for original search of facts that are urgently needed to tune our lives in on the actual conditions of this world for maximum happiness. Humankind cannot survive the confusions of overwhelming deceitfulness.
  48. —–In our daily independent struggle to meet competition to survive or get ahead, we have taken the temporarily easier way out and let this business of deceitfulness get the upper hand. The “smart operator” who uses a mixture of truths and deceits to suit his own independently selfish purposes mostly for his individual or group accumulation of wealth seems to command the respect of a too large portion of humanity. Individuals and groups, business or otherwise, attempt to grab the most knowledge and material, and share or transfer the least, even to mislead with deceit to gain economic advantage over another. Our ideal in practice is to get the most for the least.
  49. —–Profit becomes the master and more important than the welfare of humanity, which we should realize that we are all a part of. It is the ignorance of isolated independents. Each and every individual is such an inextricable part of the universe, no one can escape the inevitable effects of his actions on humanity and the universe. The welfare of humanity is the welfare of the individual. Any seeming gain to an individual or group from deceitfulness is only temporary and always at the expense of past and future development. Deceitfulness is always a step backwards from wherever you are.
  50. —–The individual desire for the accumulation of wealth is a primitive carryover from prehistoric man who had so little power over his environment and so little communication and interdependence with each other. “Feathering of his nest” was an independent and comparatively helpless individual’s bulwark against an overwhelming environment, overwhelming because he so little understood its functioning. His fortune was in the hands of factors that he little understood and thus could not control. The boundless implications of our present power lead the accumulation of material resources or wealth up a blind alley.
  51. It is man’s innate inquisitive creativeness, his desire to fully develop his unique capabilities, and his search for knowledge and understanding that drives individual initiative and not the competitive over satisfaction of physical or bodily needs or desires. It is this thwarted creativeness that leads so many to the blind accumulation of individual wealth only to find that it has neither meaning nor satisfaction. He is the victim of our belief in individual independence, and the resultant diseased associations and communications. Deceitfulness forcefully isolates or confuses his efforts to wisdom by limiting his resources to his own small living experience or to the confusion of a diseased communication. He is today’s ideal of success and if he were honest with himself he could tell you only too well what a dead and lonely end it truly is as far as personal happiness is concerned.
  52. —–Deceitfulness and parasitic opportunism are retrogressive, their final interacting boomeranging effects far outweighing any initial or hoped for advantages. The manager of a stockholder corporation is not serving his stockholders even if they think so, when any increase in profits are such that the increase in dividend is more than offset by what he has taken away from his product and which invariably eventually wastefully increases the cost of living of his stockholders. Neither does an individual serve his own best interests if his profits and products prove to be a disservice or burden to mankind and thereby must inevitably increase his own cost of living much beyond his original gain.
  53. —–Business for business’s sake, activity for activity’ sake, tools for tools’ sake, and profit for profit’s sake are all meaningless concepts to humanity’s survival. Unless we consider at all times our long term welfare which is the welfare of humanity as a whole, we become victims of our own ignorance.
  54. —–Few people today would care to go back and exist 10, 50, 100, 1000, or etc years ago. Yet, it may have been possible for individuals of those days to have lived the life of today or the future if individual independence, parasitic opportunism, and deceitfulness had not held up human progress before and during that period. By the same token, individuals of today might be living the life of 50, 100, 1000, etc. years in the future, depending on when irresponsible independence is dropped and replaced by dependable interdependence, and the number and variations of humanity or living contributors the earth or universe can develop and support at one time.
  55. —–Each passing day of less than maximum output enforced upon any individual delays the status of our progress. Every individual should have maximum opportunity to develop his natural abilities to maximum effectiveness for his maximum contribution to our daily society.
  56. —–Consider the growing child and picture the effects on his fresh searching mind as it daily experiences deceitfulness, pretence, subterfuge, intrigue, trickiness, the injustice of parasitic opportunism, and the amiable, enjoyable, jestingly, cynical, apathetical acceptances of these in our daily way of life. Mix this with a little bit of truth here and there, half-truths, and personalities, and what can you expect? What would happen to juvenile delinquency if truth were ever evident on every hand and side? Whose enthusiasm or inspiration hasn’t been chilled at one time or another? All of us really know the price of deceitfulness or an inkling of it, if we would but just think about it. One eventually becomes cynical, resigned, lethargic, hopeless, or futile in outlook or just plain blind.
  57. —–You can be witness to most criminals and mentally hospitalized. Can you truly believe a little lie, even a white one, here and there, is harmless? Like any other disease, some individuals may withstand small degrees of infection with little or no visible symptoms but sooner or later more susceptible individuals will catch the infection. Then the disease selectively strengthens to more infective forms until finally even the hardiest will succumb.
  58. —–To eliminate a communicable disease, the easiest way may be to develop a vaccine or antidote against it. Understanding fully the need for dependable interdependence and realizing fully how only truth can improve our human condition may provide the vital antidote.
  59. —–Humanity is at the brink of disaster today because truth has unraveled so disproportionately faster in fields that extend our power of action, now almost unlimited, than in fields that develop the understanding and appreciation of others, our universe, and ourselves. Tradition, which haphazardly preserved the propagation of humanity through their period of primitive lack of knowledge and action power, may today be our undoing.
  60. —–Tradition is hindering the search of truth in our social functions. A chick is not so foolish as to stick loyally by its shell after hatching. We have a bigger world to explore and understand too. We need to feel just as much if not more loyalty and reverence for the future as for the past. The past represents our progress from total ignorance to more and more knowledge but far less knowledge than the future holds.
  61. —–The incompatibility of our traditions to our individual living experiences builds internal and external tensions, confusion, and conflict. Traditions are the preconceived ideas of life handed down to us from our ancestral background, by our parents and community. Our adjustment to life would be naturally built in by tradition if our ancestors and their communities demonstrated thoughtfull free access to all available information.
  62. —–But even with an unusually large brain capacity, man had to start from scratch. Known facts would be scarce, and simple imagination plentiful. Erroneous concepts were bound to be widespread. What our early ancestors thought or did could hardly affect them because they had little power to modify their environment. Thus the survival of tradition does not necessarily prove its validity. Traditions have#not been thoroughly tested by time as so many would like to think, even though it may make a good starting point.
  63. —–Needless to say, an erroneous conception today could and is having disastrous consequences. It is extremely distressing to observe civilizations’ blind allegiance to their traditions and the fighting of wars over them. Oh if we would only fully understand the implications of the six blind men and the elephant. Then we would eagerly learn from each other instead of self righteously fighting each#other.
  64. —–We need to realize that traditions are handed down to each individual of each generation in childhood before enough first hand experience is available for using adequate judgment. By the time we become old enough to have reasonable discrimination, our traditions have become an imperceptible part of us. Whenever a belief which is engrained from our tradition, known or unknown in our awareness, is questioned our whole integrity feels assaulted, and we are willing to sacrifice ourselves for that one part we are least responsible for and most likely subject to error. This is our slavery to tradition.
  65. —–Our deep founded affection for our parents whom we know originated our existence by conceiving and rearing us is carried over to the traditions that they handed down to us. Our parents were the predominate environment of our growing up period. We feel we must loyally protect our parental concepts from opposing outside ideas. Furthermore, our interpretation of impressions of reality perceived by our own five senses is colored by these same traditions. Obviously, discarding our beliefs derived of tradition can really upset the apple cart. Such an upheaval requires well-substantiated recognition of the truth and the understanding of the dangers of traditions. Powerful mankind must be the discoverer and disseminator of truth if only for his own well being and not the blind chick clinging loyally to his egg shell of tradition.
  66. —–The original development of intelligent life naturally began with the organisms sensing the minute-to-minute conditions of their environment and making the necessary adjustments within the range of their inherited capabilities. Natural selection through the survival of the fittest eventually established many types of life so that any particular environment would be utilized if at all possible.
  67. —–Eventually intelligence must have developed to a point where the environment no longer was taken for granted. Forms of life must have originated with the ability to change the environment to suit their limitations and needs. Most birds do not look for a nest that has already been formed by chance but deliberately take fortune into their own bills and make a nest to suit themselves. Until the advent of man and his snowballing accumulation of knowledge, these changes little affected the environment.
  68. —–The production of a change in the environment and the ability to intentionally maintain such changes are an obvious sign of higher intelligence. In a species with the reasoning powers of man but with little accumulation of experience, an individual that accomplished a change and could maintain it at will would be highly admired and respected. Self consciously, he and followers would form a clique noted for their intelligence, and that change would be their trademark. With the change a trademark of superior intelligence, questioning the value of the change might never occur. At a low level of knowledge, the long range ramifications of a change would be beyond comprehension. If the change happened to be self destructive, then the followers disappeared with it.
  69. —–Making changes or turning things inside out or upside down does serve an important function. Such experiments give man the opportunity to study the function of matter in changed relationships and adds to our accumulation of knowledge.
  70. —–On the other hand, we have to beware that we do not upset the balance of nature to which as survivors of selective evolution we are vitally adapted. Many of our health problems may be due to such disturbance. Once we have learned the basic laws of the universe, we may see that some of our changes from the ways of nature are superficial if not outright detrimental. After all nature has felt her way along cautiously for millions of years and though trial and error established whatever she happened to find that would work together. Eventually, our knowledge may be used to speed up the progress but not necessarily to change the direction of progress.
  71. ——In the manipulation of our soils and food we may in many ways be treading on very shaky grounds, especially considering how crudely our experiments are set up and the way we jump at conclusions from superficial results. By upsetting our soils and our food, we shake the very foundation of our existence. Until we know in intricate detail what we are doing, nature is our very best guide.
  72. —–Too many of us look upon the soil as simply pulverized rock. Soil does not exist until some form of life has had its remains distributed within and over the pulverized rock. This organic debris provides energy for the many activities that must take place within a soil. The first form of life subsisting on land would have to have the power of photosynthesis, and an organization to produce adequate organic compounds to live from whatever mineral that happened to be in solution or that it could bring into solution from the pure rock material. As these first forms#died, the nutrients of the debris must have laid the stage#for the evolution or entrance of life that could utilize it. As the debris decayed from such utilization, other successions of life must have entered to utilize the effects upon the rock etc.
  73. —–Each succession of life would be dependent upon some additional reorganization of the material that the previous succession accomplished. The dependence on all the previous successions of lives must have given the new life an opportunity to accomplish one or more additional functions. Through the interaction of selective survival, an intricate balance would be set up within the soil, its plant cover, and the animal life roving over it, and all cooperatively depending on each other.
  74. —–The interrelations between the higher plants and animals are readily visible to us, but the microscopic life is too little understood and much more difficult to learn about. Out of sight out of mind. For this reason, we are apt to give them too little consideration. As one of the last species to evolve, we could be and most likely are much more dependent on particular previous established orders and balance than we realize.
  75. —–We have been ruthless, careless, and wasteful in the manipulation of our soils and foods and may be paying the penalty in new diseases and lowered level of health. Our agricultural experiments are set up to determine the recommendable practices for the maximum production of pounds of this and that food per acre, but we do not as yet have or use the means to determine if this is the maximum pounds of health. Until we have or use the means to gain more intricate and worthwhile information, we had better follow closely the ways of nature.
  76. —–In undisturbed nature, you will find a continuous return of humus to the soil which provides the energy for the millions of bacterial, chemical, physical, and other activities that must go on in the soil to make available the many nutrients required by our higher plants and animals, including us. However, our agriculture hardly takes humus into consideration but depends on heavy doses of chemicals applied to the soil. These chemicals have been artificially treated to make available 3 or 4 of the many elements essential to the healthful life of higher plants, which in turn provide the essential nutrients of higher animals and us.
  77. —–How can it be wise to shut down the activities in the soil, which normally release all the required nutrients from the rock, and then substitute with a fertilizer that is purified to only provide part of the nutrients required. No wonder our soils have lost their native productivity. How much of the low level of resistance and the rapid spread of disease of plant and animals is due to malnutrition directly or indirectly? After all, we do not know one nth of the intricate processes required within a plant or animal and go around making changes in the environment as if we know it all. When the top soil is removed from a piece of ground, life starts coming back into it from a much lower level of evolution, and proceeds through the succession of living forms until the highest balance is again attained. Without the topsoil and its humus, higher life apparently cannot exist in health if at all.
  78. —–We have unnecessarily replaced the infinite variety of plants and animals with just a few that we have incidentally favored for their chance development at the time of their discovery as a convenient form of food and ease of culture. We have even limited the variation within#those few species that we have chosen. Instead of just culling out members of a species that exhibited undesirable traits in the light of our interests, we have instituted varieties selected for 100% uniformity or as much as nature would allow it. At the same time you get uniform disease resistance or lack of it distributed in one continuous line of infective exposure. This gives any disease a straight line of opportunity to evolve strains adapted to the resistant varieties and a perfect avenue to spread thereafter.
  79. —–It is possible and even easier to breed a strain of a species homozygous for just the traits required for desirable types of production and leave genes of the other traits in an extremely varying condition. This would give the strain or species its maximum adaptability and resistance to diseases at the same time as it symbiotically produces usefully for us. A wheat field should contain highly variegated plants bred to produce a uniformly desirable grains only to the extent of eliminating undesirable grains, with perhaps a uniform maturity time and height for ease of harvesting etc. Cows could be bred for uniform quality and quantity of milk and not for uniform color or appearance of their bodies etc.
  80. —–In our experience that uniformity is desirable in some ways, we have stereotyped uniformity into a clique that believes uniformity in all way is desirable and intelligent. This is contrary to our dynamic world and pushing the idea too far may be our undoing. For example, we have hundreds and hundreds of continuous acres of McIntosh apple trees, which is a perfect evolution ground for a strain of disease to adapt to such widespread uniformity.
  81. —–Variety is the spice of life. In our fad for uniformity, we are dulling our own interest in things. When I buy a sack of apples, I would much rather get a variety of toothsome apples, each apple tasting good but a little different from the others. There are hundreds of species of wild edible plants that we have not given the attention they deserve to bring into cultivation. Consumption of a wide variety of plant and animal life growing from a wide variety of highly organic soil would insure maximum healthful nutrition.
  82. —–After our food is grown properly, the freshness of food is a problem. Most animal life, especially in a high state of activity, consumes their food on the spot. No doubt this was also man’s natural practice long after the origination of his species. The evolution of his physical adaptation was naturally based on this practice. Food begins to deteriorate after harvest and loses many of the vitamins and other nutrient compounds that the maximum health of man depends on. No doubt, if man would return to a practice of eating his food right in the gardens and fields, his general tone of health would improve.
  83. The ability to harvest, process, and store food has established a clique with the change a trademark of intelligent differentiation. We have processed our foods to satisfy superficial culture based emotions rather than our nutritional needs. We have a long established fad to process our food to a white and fluffy condition to conform to our artificial ideas of purity and airy angels.
  84. Some time in our recent past someone discovered the use of fire which is an advantageous change in providing warmth in cold situations. But then someone also learned the flavor change of cooked food. This required quite an art to avoid spoiling the food by burning it. Another clique took this opportunity to develop the art of cooking with its distinct flavor for their trademark of superior intelligence.
  85. Now we have grown up with the idea that man could not survive or be in good health without cooking his food. If this were true, man could not have survived to the time he started cooking. In fact the heredity of his physical constitution must have developed when no cooked food was available so that he must be best adapted to raw food. Our knowledge of nutrition has begun to point out the damage that heat of cooking does to the vitamins and other nutritional compounds necessary for our health.
  86. We are now adding to the burden of our natural soils, foods, and health, the wholesale spreading of chemical pesticides. There is no effective protection against the chance concentration into one’s diet. These artificial poisons have not been tested through the long stages of evolution and the turn over of our generations are not rapid enough to evolve strains of humanity with resistance to them.
  87. We do not realize the effect they have upon the balance of nature to which we are so well adapted. We do not have the means to trace their intricate effects upon our health and us on a long-term basis. All life is so related in function that a poison is dangerous. Spreading pesticides around is the same as if cows, sheep, pigs, poultry, etc. that we depend upon and tigers, wolves, rats, poison snakes, etc. that endanger us or our subsistence were all invisible to us and we put out undiscriminating poison to get rid of the pests, as well as us and our animal friends. Indiscriminate poisoning is a boomerang practice because of the close relationship of all life. We can better get out our microscopes to find or breed up a strain of animal, such as invisible dogs, friendly and protective of us and hostile to our invisible enemies.
  88. To break the evil cycle of individual independence, parasitic opportunism, and deceitfulness, it may be possible if enough individuals would see the utter uselessness and detriment of this disease, to form an interacting core to eliminate false communications among themselves. With the core reinforcing and protecting each other through thorough and extensive truthful communication, others can be picked up into their orbit as others desire and can demonstrate their belief in honest and truthful communications. No doubt an instinct for detecting deceitfulness will develop once we are free of its overall contaminating influence.
  89. With knowledge and understanding follows the further desire for harmonious relations with fellow humanity and the universe. This is s further spur to individual initiative. With freedom of experience and search for knowledge in man’s youth, man’s innate inquisitive creativeness and desire for understanding will lead him to sexual maturity ready and willing to settle down to fill any vacuum in the functioning of our social organization to promote harmonious relationships, according to his individually inherited capacities.
  90. With the complete freedom of intercommunications, these capacities will emerge and develop their associated skills early in life. A sexually mature person will have the mental depth or awareness greater than today’s wisest old people but the energy and spirit of a live wire tingling for many years of expression. Waste, hate, and fear will be historical words, reminiscent of our primitive eras. Our love and understanding will bring the much prayed for harmony and goodwill on earth.